Survival Dictionary

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are 81 names in this directory beginning with the letter N.
N
Morse Code abbreviation meaning “No; nine”

Naan Bread
In contrast to a roti or chapati, naan bread is a yeast-leavened bread. A kulcha in Indian cuisine is a bread-like accompaniment, made of processed flour (maida) leavened with yeast.

Naïve Realism
The tendency to believe that we see the world around us objectively, and that people who disagree with us must be uninformed, irrational, or biased.

Narrows
A narrow part of a navigable waterway.

NATO Phonetic Alphabet
The International Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet or the more commonly known NATO Phonetic Alphabet is the most widely used radiotelephonic spelling alphabet. It assigns specific code words to each alphabet and numeral so that words, phrases and sentences can be pronounced and understood as intended without scope of misunderstanding or misinterpretation.

Natural Disaster
A Natural Disaster can be labelled an Act of God, like floods, earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, mudslides, tsunamis, etc, though many such Acts of God do seem to be a result of human intervention.

Nautical Almanac
A Nautical Almanac comprises a series of charts describing the position of celestial bodies to help navigators know their exact geographical position at sea. The charts are detailed for each hour of every year, the positions of celestial bodies.

Nautical Chart
Graphic representation of a maritime area and adjacent coastal regions. Depending on scale it may show depths of water and topographic map of land, natural seabed features, coastline details, navigational hazards, locations of natural and aids to navigation, information on tides and currents, harbours, buildings and bridges. They are essential tools for marine navigation.

Nautical Mile
Each degree of latitude is divided into 60 minutes (distance, not time). The distance between two minutes is one nautical mile (1,852m or 6,076ft).

NavAid
Navigation Aid. Maps, compasses, GPS devices, etc are all NavAids.

NAVIC
An acronym for Navigation with Indian Constellation, it is India’s Regional Navigation Satellite System offering terrestrial and marine navigation, disaster management, vehicle tracking and fleet management, navigation aid for hikers, visual and voice navigation for drivers, etc. The system comprises nine satellites - seven in orbit and two on the ground as stand-by.

Navigation
Navigation is the science of determining geographical position from where one is to another known location, including distance travelled, route taken, etc.

Navtex
An international, automated system for instantly distributing maritime safety information to ships. The frequency of transmission is 518 kHz in English, while 490 kHz is sometime used to broadcast in a local language.

NBC
Nuclear Biological Chemical. Typically refers to the kind of attack by an enemy.

NCAP
National Contingency Action Plan.

NCC
National Cadet Corps.

NCCF
National Calamity Contingency Fund.

NCMC
National Crisis Management Committee.

NCRMP
National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project.

NDCNP
National Disaster Communication Network Project.

NDICN
National Disaster Information and Communication Network.

NDMA
National Disaster Management Authority.

NDMIS
National Disaster Management Information System.

NDMRC
National Disaster Mitigation Resource Centre.

NDRF
National Disaster Response Force. The nodal agency responsible for disaster relief and evacuation in India.

Neap Tide
During the Moon’s first and third quarter phases, the Sun and Moon are at 90° to each other as seen from the Earth. At this time the high water mark is at its lowest and the low water mark is at its highest, and the tidal range is at its minimum.

Near Earth Asteroids
Also called NEAs are asteroids that orbit close to Earth or cross the orbit itself. The latter are called Earth Crossers and are estimated at about 1,000 with diameters of more than a kilometre.

Neck Knife
A small fixed-blade knife suspended from around one’s neck carried by means of a cord, either handle up - mountain man style - or handle down. They are usually single-edged, with blade lengths typically around three inches.

Negative
It means “No” in radio communications and can be abbreviated to NEGAT. In telecommunications and signal processing, frequency modulation (FM) is the encoding of information in a carrier wave by varying the instantaneous frequency of the wave. This contrasts with amplitude modulation, in which the amplitude of the carrier wave varies, while the frequency remains constant.

Nemesis
God of revenge in Greek and Roman mythology.

Nemestrinus
God of the forests and woods in Roman mythology.

Nemophilist
One who loves the forest, its beauty and solitude.

Neoprene
Kind of synthetic rubber that maintains stability over a wide temperature range. Used in wading suits and wet suits for insulation from the cold waters for fishermen, white water adventurers and divers.

Neptune
Roman God of the seas and oceans.

NERMP
National Earthquake Risk Mitigation Project.

Nesting Cup
A cup in which a drinking water bottle ‘nests’ in. This reduces the need of carrying two items since both form one piece of equipment. Nesting cups can be used for boiling water and cooking food.

New Moon
The Moon has no light of its own, we see reflected sunlight. On its 29-day orbit of the Earth, the shape of the reflected light varies. When it is new Moon it is on the same side of the Earth from the Sun.

NFRMP
National Flood Risk Mitigation Project.

NGO
Non-Governmental Organisation.

NIAR
National Institute of Amateur Radio.

NICD
National Institute for Communicable Diseases.

Nickel-Cadmium (NiCd / NiCad) Battery
A type of rechargeable battery. They are made in a wide range of sizes and capacities. Sealed Ni-Cd cells were widely used in portable power tools, cameras, torches, emergency lights, etc. They have since lost market share to Nickel-metal hydride batteries.

Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH) Battery
A type of rechargeable battery similar to Nickel-Cadmium but with two to three times the capacity.

NIDM
National Institute of Disaster Management.

Night Vision
The ability of the human eye to adjust to seeing in darkness. In the darkness, peripheral vision is better than direct vision. Depending on how dark it is, it takes about 30 minutes for the eyes to adjust and activate night vision capabilities.

Night Vision Device (NVD)
A device allows typically monochrome images to be produced in light close to total darkness. The image may be a conversion to visible light of both visible light and near-infrared. An NVD may have an infrared illuminator, making it an active as opposed to passive night vision device.

Nike
Goddess of victory in Greek mythology.

NIL
Morse Code abbreviation meaning “Nothing”

NIMHANS
National Institute for Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences.

Nitrates
Plant nutrient and fertiliser that enters water supply sources from fertilizers, animal feed lots, manures, sewage, septic systems, industrial wastewaters, sanitary landfills and garbage dumps.

Nitrogen Narcosis
A reversible alteration in consciousness, similar to alcohol intoxication in divers who breathe high-pressure gas at depth impairing judgment, make diving dangerous. Narcosis starts to affect some at 66 feet and the effect increases with depth. Almost all divers notice the effects by 132 feet with a feeling of euphoria, anxiety, loss of coordination and lack of concentration. At extreme depths, hallucinogenic reaction and tunnel vision can occur. Symptoms typically disappear during the ascent.

NLRMP
National Landslide Risk Mitigation Project.

NM
Morse Code abbreviation meaning “Name”

NMHP
National Mental Health Programme.

NOAA
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a US agency focused on the conditions of oceans and the atmosphere. It provides weather warnings, charts seas, protects ocean and coastal resources, and conducts research on the environment.

Nock
The notch at the end of an arrow that fits onto a bowstring.

Nocturnal
Occurring at night usually referred to for animals that hunt at night.

Nomad
One who roams and lives in different locations, moving from one place to another.

Noon Gun
Historic time signal in Cape Town, South Africa since 1806. The gun situated on Signal Hill, fires a round exactly at 12 noon every day except Sundays and public holidays to allow ships in port to check the accuracy of their chronometers.

Noose Knot
Any sliding loop knot that tightens once force is applied to it.

Normalcy Bias
A mental state when facing a disaster. It causes people to underestimate the possibility of a disaster and its possible effects.

Normothermia
Normal core body temperature.

North Pole
It is the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth’s axis of rotation meets the surface. It is the northernmost point and lies at latitude 90°N. All longitudes converge here and all directions point South.

Northern Lights
Also called aurora, aurora borealis, polar light, it is naturally occurring light display in the sky due to disturbance caused by solar winds to the magnetosphere.

Nose Bleed
Rupturing of a capillary of the nose. Dry air, nose picking, hot temperatures, hypertension, trauma, etc can cause a nose to bleed. Most nose bleeds are safe unless it is due to a head or neck injury. Most nose bleeds will stop if one leans forward and allows the blood to flow out while pinching the fleshy part of the nose.

Nose Dunks
Large self-bailing rafts can enter holes from downstream and submerge their nose.

Noseeum Netting
Noseeum netting has 625 holes per inch compared to mosquito netting that has 200 holes per inch.

Noseeums
Bugs typically found near water bodies.

November Golf
Phonetically stating NG for NO GO, literally, to fail.

NR
Morse Code abbreviation meaning “Number”

Nuclear Disaster
Defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency as “an event that has led to significant consequences to people, the environment or the facility.” A nuclear disaster can be precipitated by bomb attacks.

Numerical Weather Prediction
Uses mathematical models of the atmosphere and oceans to predict the weather based on current weather conditions relayed from radiosondes, weather satellites and other systems.

Numinous
An experience that is fearful yet fascinating, awe-inspiring yet attractive.

Numpty
An individual who just doesn’t get it.

Nurdle
Small pellet of plastic which is the raw material in the manufacture of plastic products.

Nut to Butt
To stand in a tight single file line.

Nutrients
Elements in food needed to survive and grow. Macronutrients provide energy while micronutrients build and repair tissues and regulate body processes. Nutrients comprise fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and proteins and can be either essential or non essential.

NW
Morse Code abbreviation meaning “Now”

NX
Morse Code abbreviation meaning “Noise or noisy”

Nyctohylophobia
Fear of dark wooded areas or forests at night.

Nyx
Goddess of the Night in Greek mythology.


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  1. wilderness survival kit canada

    The term “survival kit” may also refer to the larger, transportable survival kits ready by survivalists , known as “bug-out bags” (BOBs), “Individual Emergency Relocation Kits” (PERKs) or “get out of Dodge” (Good) kits, which are packed into backpacks, or even duffel bags. These kits are developed especially to be more simply carried by the person in case alternate forms of transportation are unavailable or impossible to use.

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